In the study of the urinary tract in infants, made possible through the perfection of small caliber cystoscopes, the roentgen rays and functional kidney tests, a true underlying lesion has so often been demonstrated as the real cause for the symptoms presented that a study of 4,903 cases coming to necropsy at the Babies' Hospital, New York, has been undertaken in hope that more accurate data might be obtained on the incidence of malformations and the relationship of such anomalies to the general pathology and symptoms presented, as well as their bearing on infant mortality.
Little has been presented dealing with anomalies in children only. Anomalies have been studied principally in adults, and numerous contributions to the literature have been made during the last few years. Such malformations have been discovered in the course of a complete urologic examination, owing largely to perfection of technic in urologic diagnosis. The reason
BUGBEE HG, WOLLSTEIN M. SURGICAL PATHOLOGY OF THE URINARY TRACT IN INFANTSBASED ON A REVIEW OF FOUR THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED AND THREE NECROPSIES. JAMA. 1924;83(24):1887–1894. doi:10.1001/jama.1924.02660240001001