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The Cancer Campaign in Australia
The beginnings of the organization to control and facilitate cancer treatment and to encourage cancer research in Australia were laid in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1921 by the bequest of £7,150 by J. F. Archibald. Prior to that, the leading general hospitals had individually provided some measure of treatment facilities in the way of radium and high voltage roentgen therapy but the sum total of the effort was quite inadequate to deal with the cancer situation and the development of treatment facilities was not keeping step with the increasing incidence. For, while the death rate in the commonwealth has been falling steadily since 1880, and while the principal individual causes of death, such as tuberculosis and typhoid, have been declining steadily, cancer is one cause of death which has mounted with an uninterrupted increase. During the past twenty-seven years the cancer death rate has
AUSTRALIA. JAMA. 1930;94(9):649-650. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02710350049019