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Modern visceral surgery has been much simplified during the last ten years. Prior to this it was deemed necessary to use clamps for hemostasis, both in gastro-enterostomies and intestinal anastomosis.
Many have been the clamps devised for this purpose, and perhaps the most popular of all has been the compound three bladed clamp known as the Roosevelt clamp. I had much to do with its development, and used it first, after many experiments, in the early days of gastro-enterostomy. While many surgeons still find this clamp very satisfactory, and seldom, if ever, have postoperative hemorrhage directly traceable to its use, yet reputable and successful surgeons have had this misfortune, and I am willing to concede that such accidents will happen, especially when this instrument is used as a clamp rather than as a simple, light hemostat and holder.
In order to afeguard the patient from this unfortunate experience, and to
Tennant CE. A GASTRO-INTESTINAL HOLDER FOR VISCERAL ANASTOMOSIS. JAMA. 1923;81(1):26. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.26510010002010b