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August 4, 1923


JAMA. 1923;81(5):394. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.02650050048017

For three or four years there has been considerable discussion among pediatricians, some of it in the columns of The Journal,1 regarding the system of feeding that was formulated during the World War by the Viennese clinician Pirquet. Impelled by an ardent desire to simplify the technic of practical nutrition so as to render the scientific measurement of food more popular, he introduced a new unit of food value, the nem, in place of the calory. This occurred in Europe at a time when the efforts of the United States Food Administration and other educational influences in this country were encouraging a larger interest in the quantitative aspects of the food supply, and consequently in the significance of calories in every-day life. The nem represents the food value of 1 c.c. of cow's milk. A simple calculation, based on a content of 667 calories per liter of milk, indicates

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