Archeologists in search of evidence of the development of the sciences have earnestly studied the meager historical records of Egypt's ten thousand years, and, while relics of interest in the general arts and sciences have been found, comparatively little of value from the standpoint of medicine has been unearthed, perhaps because of the eight complete reversions to barbarism which buried the seats of Egyptian culture in the sands of time.
It was not until the fourth century before the Christian era that the ancient Greeks, largely through the contributions of two men, gave evidence of a love for medical science. We look back to Hippocrates as the founder of clinical medicine. He was one of the first to free himself from the shackles of superstition. Observing carefully the manifestations of disease, in the light of the knowledge extant, he critically traced, so far as he was able, various disease processes
MAYO WJ. CONTRIBUTIONS OF PURE SCIENCE TO PROGRESSIVE MEDICINE. JAMA. 1925;84(20):1465-1469. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02660460001001