May 31, 1930


Author Affiliations

Norfolk, Va.
From the Hygienic Laboratory, U. S. P. H. S. (Sara E. Branham), and the Norfolk Protestant Hospital.

JAMA. 1930;94(22):1758-1760. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.27120480002011c

Although Salmonella suipestifer, long known as the "hog cholera bacillus," is most commonly found in diseased swine, human infections with this micro-organism have been occasionally reported. In the United States these have usually occurred as outbreaks of food poisoning, with the acute and transient gastro-enteritis which is characteristically caused by certain other members of the paratyphoid group of bacteria. Two of these outbreaks have been traced to tapioca pudding1; one was milk-borne.2

Exceptions to these cases of food poisoning have been a fatal infection diagnosed as lobar pneumonia, in which Salmonella suipestifer was isolated from the blood3; another lung infection in which the organism was found in the sputum, blood and pleural fluid,4 and a fatal case simulating typhoid5 in which Salmonella suipestifer was found in the blood.

In other countries definitely identified strains of Salmonella suipestifer have been associated with food poisonings,6 and

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