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June 21, 1930

Konstitutionstypen der Kinder.

JAMA. 1930;94(25):2019. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02710510057037

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Abstract

Krasusky studies the constitutional types in childhood and attempts to apply Kretschmer's classic methods to this investigation. The author, like his recent predecessors, attempts to classify children according to their physique and character into certain definite groups. In this he is also somewhat influenced by Sigaud's classification: the respiratory type, the cerebral type, the muscular type and the digestive type. He is, however, particularly interested in arranging the groups according to Kretschmer. Krasusky found that the asthenic type with its schizothymic or split personality character occurred more frequently among girls than among boys. In about half of the preschool children examined, Krasusky thinks that he was able to determine the constitutional type, and he found a striking correspondence between physique and mental characteristics. The fat faced, chesty, well nourished group (pyknic type) were in excess over the thin faced, thin bodied, asthenic type. The author believes that a further study

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