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July 5, 1930


Author Affiliations

From the Bureau of Bacteriology, Health Department, and the Franklin Square Hospital, Baltimore, and the practice of Dr. Kiser, Indianapolis.

JAMA. 1930;95(1):14-18. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02720010018006

The etiologic relationship of certain forms of budding fungi included under the general name of Endomyces has been described by Castellani,1 who in 1912 called attention to a number of chronic bronchial infections in Ceylon in which tubercle bacilli in the sputum were never demonstrated. Such sputum, however, constantly contained various yeastlike organisms which he divided into several groups. Later,2 however, he enlarged this classification of the organisms that produced bronchomycosis, and in this paper he refers to certain bronchial infections in Ceylon caused by an organism known as Monilia. This term, according to him, should include all the organisms of the family Oosporaceae Saccardo, 1886. The vegetative body of these organisms forms a mass of mycelial threads and free budding forms. On culture mediums the old yeastlike forms are more numerous, while the mycelial threads or hyphae are very scarce or absent. When present, they are short

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