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This booklet, the result of thirty years of gastro-enterologic practice and experimental researches, is more important as a contribution to the literature on the subject than its size would suggest. It develops certain points of view that have not yet found general acceptance and deserve a hearing. Thus, the author's researches, in agreement with other French observers, point to a certain molecular concentration as a determining factor in gastric evacuation. Saline as well as nutritive solutions are retained in the stomach until the cryoscopic index is in the vicinity of 0.38; such is represented, for example, by 0.55 per cent solution of sodium chloride, a 1 per cent solution of sodium bicarbonate, of dried sodium sulphate, or of dried sodium phosphate and a 2 per cent solution of dried sodium citrate. This is why mineral waters of the proper freezing point, such as vichy water, are better tolerated by the
Traitement médical des affections stomacales.. JAMA. 1930;95(20):1528-1529. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02720200064040