It may be safely stated that one of the most common sequelae of acute tonsillitis and tonsillopharyngitis in children is anterior cervical adenitis. So true is this statement that it might even be enlarged on to the extent of saying that almost 100 per cent of acute tonsillopharyngeal infections have an associated lymphadenitis of the anterior cervical glands. This high percentage would, of course, include cases of such mildness as to exclude them from the scope of the present paper, which is based on a series of forty cases of sufficient severity to justify tonsillectomy as a means of controlling the infection in the glands while that infection was still at its height.
I shall go into considerable detail in describing the usual onset and course of cases of acute cervical adenitis in order that the reader may fully understand the exact type of case in which I advocate the
BAUM HL. TONSILLECTOMY IN THE TREATMENT OF ACUTE CERVICAL ADENITIS IN CHILDREN. JAMA. 1930;95(24):1829-1834. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02720240039012