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Progress of the Birth Control Movement in England
It has been shown (The Journal, July 15, p. 220) that the population of England is rapidly approaching a maximum, which it will reach in 1940, and that thereafter it will decline. This contrasts with the extraordinary increase that was brought about by the industrial revolution. In the nineteenth century the population of England and Wales rose from 9 to 32 millions. In 1876 the birth rate began to decline, and the decline has been practically continuous ever since. This has been attributed largely to the birth control movement, which was begun in that year by a well known politician, Charles Bradlaugh, publishing a book entitled "Fruits of Philosophy." For this he was prosecuted and sentenced to imprisonment, as the work was said to be "full of indecent physiological details." Ideas of what is "indecent" have altered considerably since that time and
LONDON. JAMA. 1933;101(13):1009–1010. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740380045019