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Editorial
November 17, 2015

Individual Benefit vs Societal Effect of Antibiotic Prescribing for Preschool Children With Recurrent Wheeze

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Pulmonary and Allergy, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA. 2015;314(19):2027-2029. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14953

Wheezing is prevalent in early childhood, with 50% of US children having at least 1 episode before 6 years of age1 and one-third of preschool children having an episode within the prior 6 months.2 Rates for wheezing-related emergency department visits are highest among children younger than 5 years, and severe wheezing episodes are a common cause of hospitalization in this age group,3 reflecting the therapeutic challenges in managing these episodes.

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