The word "mycetoma" may be taken literally to mean "fungus tumor." In its broadest sense the term is used to describe "all growths and granulations which produce enlargements, deformities or destruction in any portion of the tissues of man or animals, which are caused by the invasion of the infected area by fungi belonging to different genera and species, and which produce bodies of varying dimensions, color and shape, composed of hyphae and sometimes chlamydospores, or other types of spores1 [italicized words are our own] embedded in a matrix."2 Thus this term, coined by Carter3 to describe the peculiar fungus foot of India, known locally as "Madura foot," has been categorically stretched to include actinomycosis as well as maduromycosis.
The disease now known as "mycetoma" was undoubtedly observed by the ancient Indian surgeons, for the Sanscrit work "Vawdea" describes a disease of the foot characterized by swelling
JONES JW, ALDEN HS. MADUROMYCOTIC MYCETOMA (MADURA FOOT)REPORT OF A CASE OCCURRING IN AN AMERICAN NEGRO. JAMA. 1931;96(4):256–260. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720300026006