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This work is written from the point of view which regards mental disease in terms of psychodynamics. The interplay of soma and psyche throughout the life history of the individual patient is emphasized, and mental disorders are considered as impairments in the individual's ability to resist the stresses and strains to which his environment subjects him. The factors which may predispose an individual to mental disease are considered, but the authors regard these of lesser significance as causative than as precipitating factors which exist in the environment.
The authors recommend graphic methods of recording the progress of abnormalities in the patient and urge autobiographic studies of personality as useful tools for the student of psychiatry. Three major categories for the classification of psychoses are proposed: the organic, the toxic and the psychogenic or functional. That functional disorders may be masked by superimposed organic or toxic conditions is pointed out. Adolf
Practical Clinical Psychiatry. JAMA. 1941;117(2):155. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820280077027