Active tuberculosis disqualifies for acceptance in military service. According to the standards1 in effect in recent years physical examination to exclude tuberculosis is required of applicants for enlistment, and chest roentgenograms are obligatory in the case of every candidate for commission in the Regular Army and for extended active duty as a Reserve or National Guard officer. Roentgenologic evidence of reinfection (adult) type tuberculosis, active or inactive, or of primary (childhood) type tuberculosis of such degree as to suggest the likelihood of future clinical significance excludes a candidate from acceptance for appointment as an officer in the Regular Army and for assignment to extended active duty as a Reserve or National Guard Officer.
In the United States Navy likewise tuberculosis disqualifies for acceptance for military service. Roentgenograms are made routinely in the course of physical examination.
Nevertheless a certain amount of active tuberculosis is discovered each year in the
LONG ER. THE PROBLEM OF TUBERCULOSIS IN MILITARY SERVICE. JAMA. 1941;117(4):264-266. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.72820300012005d