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August 9, 1941

The Prevalence of Disabling Illness Among Male and Female Workers and Housewives

JAMA. 1941;117(6):494. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820320086033

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The classification of the data collected by the National Health Survey according to age, employment and sex indicates that the rate of illness as measured by the proportion of persons disabled on the day of the visit was 48 per cent higher for females in the ages 15-64 than for man. The rates for industrial workers in the same age group were 32 per cent higher for males and 17 per cent for females than for those in the business, professional and clerical classes. For cancer and other tumors, nervous and mental diseases, tonsillitis and a number of other diseases, the female rate was much higher than the male, while the male rates were high for hernia, ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, occupational accidents, hemorrhoids and pneumonia. While there were these significant differences between the sexes, the curves of sickness rate for the two sexes in all classes followed

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