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March 7, 1931

Industrial Microbiology: The Utilization of Bacteria, Yeasts and Molds in Industrial Processes.

JAMA. 1931;96(10):800. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720360070035

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The part played by bacteria, yeasts and molds in the fields of medicine and agriculture is rather widely known. A few of the industrial applications of bacteriology are also matters of common knowledge. Such applications as are found in the manufacture of vinegar and alcohol, the rôle of bacteria and molds in the manufacture of cheese and the prevention of spoilage by refrigeration are examples. It is not so well known however, that bacteria are of commercial importance in the production of such chemicals as butyric, citric and oxalic acids, and amyl, butyl and isopropyl alcohols. The authors have attempted to get together these and other applications of microbiology to industry. The topics include those indicated and applications to other industries such as the manufacture of glue and of gelatin, tanning, the refining of sugar, and the preparation of meats. The disposal of sewage by modern methods of treatment is

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