Trachoma has probably been prevalent in the Russian Caucasus since the dawn of history. There are no available statistics as to its present incidence, although eye diseases are officially recorded as affecting 5.1 per cent of the population. It is certain that much trachoma goes unrecognized. In the Near East Relief Clinic in the city of Leninakan (old Alexandropol), conducted for children outplaced from orphanages and living in the city, I found sixty-nine cases of trachoma among 284 children, approximately 24.3 per cent. Owing to the close contacts inevitable in orphanage life, the disease is more prevalent than among the population at large. In a trachoma survey of the Near East Relief orphanages at Leninakan (Alexandropol) in September, 1926, I found among 5,220 children 3,868 cases of trachoma, or 74.1 per cent.
I have seen here none of the so-called noninflammatory cases of trachoma. Cases which in the beginning pursued
KALLOCH DC. TREATMENT OF TRACHOMA BY SURGICAL DIATHERMYPRELIMINARY REPORT. JAMA. 1927;89(18):1511–1513. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690180043012