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Article
October 18, 1941

PARACHUTE INJURIES

Author Affiliations

First Lieutenant, M. C., United States Army WASHINGTON, D. C.; First Lieutenant, M. C., United States Army NEW YORK; First Lieutenant, M. C., United States Army ST. LOUIS
From the Orthopedic Department, Station Hospital, Fort Benning, Ga

JAMA. 1941;117(16):1318-1321. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820420010004
Abstract

This paper is a preliminary survey of the injuries sustained during the first year of parachute jumping. A detailed description of the technic of parachute jumping has not been attempted; however, those phases of jumping that have resulted in injuries will be discussed. We feel that this presentation will clarify the popular belief that parachute injuries are alarmingly high.

All of the available foreign literature was reviewed. An article by René de Gaulejac1 covered the subject best. De Gaulejac, reviewing the injuries in 1939. classified them into four major groups: (1) injuries which resulted in death, (2) abdominothoracic injuries with or without nervous or vascular complications, (3) various organic lesions with extremely diverse localization and origin, and (4) the more or less complicated injuries of the lower extremities. The lesions of the first group corresponded to the first phase of the jump, where accidents occurred either by entanglement with

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