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July 7, 1934

Heredity and Environment: Studies in the Genesis of Psychological Characteristics

Author Affiliations

By Gladys C. Schwesinger. Edited by Frederick Osborn. Cloth. Price, $4. Pp. 484, with illustrations. New York: Macmillan Company, 1933.

JAMA. 1934;103(1):64. doi:10.1001/jama.1934.02750270066028

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The author states in the preface that "this volume was prepared as part of an attempt to appraise the present status of knowledge in the field of eugenic research." The result is a fairly complete analytic survey of the studies of personality, the influence of heredity and environment and the means whereby these factors may be evaluated. Almost a third of the book is devoted to a description of the origin and development of various tests of intelligence and personality in general use. These tests are being constantly modified to meet changing conditions in different environments. Granted, the author says, all the drawbacks of language, social position and predilections as to success, the psychologist still offers the scores of mental tests as the best single evidence obtainable on the intelligence of human beings. Of considerable interest and importance are the studies of F. N. Freeman of tests of intelligence and

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