Fusion of two or more bones of the foot is done to correct deformity and stabilize the foot or to relieve pain, in order that the individual may the better stand and walk. Arthrodesis, or surgical ankylosis, of a joint appears to be destructive instead of constructive; but experience has taught that it is often the only means to maintain correction of a deformity and to hold the foot in the best position for function. Part of the flexibility of the foot is sacrificed to secure an efficient stability, which is so essential for weight bearing and locomotion. Joint motion is of little or no value if it cannot be controlled or if it is painful. Fortunately, there are so many joints in the foot that the loss of motion in any one does not too seriously impair the flexibility.
Arthrodesis of one or more joints of the foot is
GILL AB. FUSION OPERATION ON THE FOOT. JAMA. 1927;89(22):1829-1834. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690220005002