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Research Letter
June 7, 2016

Trends in Gout and Rheumatoid Arthritis Hospitalizations in the United States, 1993-2011

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
  • 2Arthritis Research Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston

Copyright 2016 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.

JAMA. 2016;315(21):2345-2347. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3517

Gout and rheumatoid arthritis are the 2 most common inflammatory arthritides. As hospitalizations for these conditions incur substantial resource use, hospitalization trends and associated costs provide key benchmarks of disease burden. However, relevant long-term data are scarce.

We evaluated US hospitalization trends of gout and rheumatoid arthritis from 1993-2011. We investigated these 2 arthritides simultaneously, as we hypothesized opposing trends (due to improvement in rheumatoid arthritis care and a worsening in gout epidemiology1 and suboptimal care2) and as each condition would serve as an internal comparison for the other.

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