When the initial cases of AIDS were reported in 1981, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was yet to be identified, scientists did not understand how HIV was transmitted and prevented, and effective treatment would not become available for many years.
Today, the antiretroviral armamentarium is large and increasing. Preferred regimens are well tolerated, effective, and convenient; there are no lingering questions about whether early antiretroviral therapy (ART) improves outcomes.1
Malani PN. Visions for an AIDS-Free GenerationRed Ribbons of Hope. JAMA. 2016;316(2):154-155. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9436