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Effective antiretroviral therapy has dramatically changed the health outcomes of people living with HIV. Although many HIV-positive patients now enjoy life expectancies similar to those of the general population, certain chronic diseases are more prevalent, and when present, these conditions appear to progress more rapidly. For example, co-infection with hepatitis C can result in liver failure, which is a major cause of death among people with HIV. Kidney disease is also common, with HIV-associated nephropathy being a leading cause of renal failure.
Malani P. HIV and Transplantation: New Reasons for HOPE. JAMA. 2016;316(2):136-138. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8158