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September 15, 1934

Medicine in Canada

JAMA. 1934;103(11):864. doi:10.1001/jama.1934.02750370068035

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The author purposely gives a "relatively large amount of space to biographies of pioneer medical men" in order to "show not only the conditions under which medicine was practiced, but the relation of the practitioner to the community as well." The rise of the various prominent hospitals and medical schools is sketched from their humble beginnings in Quebec, Montreal and Toronto, and short chapters are devoted to James Douglas, John Christian Schultz, Archibald Menzies, William T. Tolmie and John Sebastian Helmcken. The meagerness of preparation for the practice of medicine of the early physicians, the hardships endured by most of them in their contentions with the elements, hostile Indians and epidemic diseases, makes the account most fascinating reading. The picturesque "wild west" days of Canadian medicine are gone forever.

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