Pulmonary abscess is not diagnosed as frequently in children as in adults probably because it occurs less commonly and is more difficult to differentiate from other pulmonary infections. Among 2,250 cases of lung abscess collected from the American literature, only fifty-nine were in infants and children.1 Unquestionably the disease occurs more often than these figures indicated, since a majority of the clinics reporting cases did not treat children. Among 2,119 patients admitted to the pediatric service of the Duke Hospital, seven had pulmonary abscess. An analysis of 172 consecutive cases of lung abscess by Flick and his co-workers 1f showed 6.4 per cent in the first decade, 10.5 per cent in the second, 27.9 per cent in the third, 30.8 per cent in the fourth, 18.6 per cent in the fifth, 3.6 per cent in the sixth and 2.3 per cent in the seventh decade of life.
SMITH DT. THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF PULMONARY ABSCESS IN CHILDREN. JAMA. 1934;103(13):971-975. doi:10.1001/jama.1934.02750390015005