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While the evaluation of surgical risk depends, in the main, on experience and judgment, certain factors under the control of the surgeon can modify and control much of the risk. These factors have become more tangible in recent years and are approaching scientific reality. The ability of a patient to withstand major surgical attack can be definitely increased by proper measures undertaken prior to and succeeding operation. The most important advances in this field are those relating to a better understanding of fluid and electrolyte balances in the body and a better comprehension of shock. This book, intended primarily for surgical residents and practitioners, relates some of the basic problems of surgical care and practical methods of solving them. Besides chapters on fluid balance, transfusion, shock and general measures, specific practical details for handling situations arising during the surgical convalescence are dealt with. Generalities are usually dispensed with in favor
Synopsis of the Preparation and After-Care of Surgical Patients. JAMA. 1942;118(16):1420. doi:10.1001/jama.1942.02830160080032