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Here and there in the surgical field are operative procedures that occasionally bob up as questionable or dubiously justifiable bits of surgery. Certain aspects of facial cosmetics, the removal of fat from the abdomen, and lastly the matter in hand, breast cosmetics, mastopexy. No criticism may be leveled at any plan of partial resection of a pathologic breast, such as a cystic mastitis or hyperplasia. Surgeons in general, at least in this country, are not yet uniformly in favor of operations designed to replace the pendulous breasts of a secundipara, a tertipara or a quadripara by those of a Venus or a Miss America. Surgery carries certain dangers. This is a more "salable" operation than one for gallbladder disease. It is dangerous teaching, and great numbers of such unnecessary operations with attendant accidents may result. As stated, there are actual indications for mastopexy, but in the aggregate they are far
Deformitäten und kosmetische Operationen der weiblichen Brust.. JAMA. 1931;96(18):1533. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720440081039