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May 2, 1931

The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus: Published in Facsimile and Hieroglyphic Transliteration with Translation and Commentary in Two Volumes.

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By James Henry Breasted. Volume I: Hieroglyphic Transliteration, Translation and Commentary. Volume II: Facsimile Plates and Line for Line Hieroglyphic Transliteration. Cloth. Price, £4, 10s. Pp., Vol. I, 596, with 8 plates; Vol. II, plates. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1930.

JAMA. 1931;96(18):1534. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720440082042

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The original author's first manuscript was produced about 3000 to 2500 B. C. The Edwin Smith Papyrus represents, therefore, the oldest known medical work. About 2400 B. C. there was a great physician in Egypt named Iry who evidently was quite an important specialist and who was called the "palace eye-physician," the "palace belly-physician," "one understanding the internal fluids," "guardian of the anus"; in other words, a gastro-enteroproctologist. There was also at that time a palace dentist. In his introduction to the presentation of the facsimile of this papyrus and its translation, Professor Breasted describes in a fascinating manner the nature of early practice of medicine in Egypt. He explains also the manner in which the language of the papyrus is interpreted. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is now owned by the New York Historical Society and the publication has been made possible by the General Education Board, the University of

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