Pulmonary abscess complicating typhoid is not unusual; such an abscess of proved typhoid etiology is more rare. The first available report was that of Mussey to the Anatomy Society of Paris in 1838.1 Postmortem examination on a patient with typhoid showed multiple metastatic pulmonary abscesses.
Griesinger2 reported 7 cases of pulmonary gangrene among 118 patients with typhoid coming to necropsy, and von Liebermeister3 cited 14 cases of pulmonary gangrene found on necropsy examination of 230 patients with typhoid.
Pulmonary abscess of proved typhoid etiology must of necessity date from the recognition of the stained typhoid bacillus by Eberth in 1880 and of its cultural and differential bacteriologic characteristics by Gaffky in 1884 and Escherich in 1885. Since that period of isolation of the causative organism 7 cases of pulmonary abscess complicating typhoid and 1 case of such abscess complicating a paratyphoid infection have been reported.4
Harvill TH. TYPHOID PULMONARY ABSCESS. JAMA. 1942;119(6):494–496. doi:10.1001/jama.1942.72830230002009a