July 11, 1942

White Eagle, Chief of the Poncas

Author Affiliations

By Charles Leroy Zimmerman, M.D. Cloth. Price, $2.50. Pp. 273, with 170 illustrations. Harrisburg, Pa.: Telegraph Press, 1941.

JAMA. 1942;119(11):915. doi:10.1001/jama.1942.02830280061028

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White Eagle, for fifty years chief of the Ponca tribe of American Indians, was remarkable for his great mind and was noted for his courage, high ideals and principles combined with the attributes of an orator and statesman. The author years ago was agency physician for the Poncas. He has done worthy and interesting research in writing a history of the tribe. He has drawn freely from official sources, traditions, folklore and old men's tales recorded through interpreters. The migrations of the Poncas through much of the United States and possibly Mexico, Central and South America probably have extended over thousands of years, yet today the tribe has some customs similar to those of the days of the mound builders. The author adds to the dim past, their tribal ceremonies, the history of their more recent wars, their belief in the supernatural, which was the province of their medicine men,

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