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Editorial
November 1, 2016

Intubation During Pediatric CPREarly, Late, or Not at All?

Author Affiliations
  • 1Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Stollery Children’s Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • 2St Mary’s Hospital, Imperial College NHS Healthcare Trust, London, United Kingdom
JAMA. 2016;316(17):1772-1774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13905

Pediatric cardiac arrests occur rarely but carry a low likelihood of survival and functional outcome.1 Arrests are frequently precipitated by acute respiratory failure (accounting for 72% of hospital pediatric cardiac arrests and 42% of in-hospital pediatric cardiac arrests).2 Hence, considerable emphasis is placed on assisted ventilation as part of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), with rescuers often attempting endotracheal intubation early during CPR to “secure the airway” and ensure optimal ventilation and oxygenation.

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