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Research Letter
December 13, 2016

Trend in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Rates Between 2005 and 2013

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington
  • 2Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 3Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 4Qualidigm, Wethersfield, Connecticut
  • 5Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland
JAMA. 2016;316(22):2427-2429. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16226

From 2006 to 2012, the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) decreased.1,2 In medical and surgical intensive care units, between 2006 and 2012, the reported incidence of VAP per 1000 ventilator-days decreased from 3.1 to 0.9 (71% decline) and 5.2 to 2.0 (62% decline), respectively. Whether the decrease was attributable to better care or stricter application of subjective surveillance criteria is unclear.3 The Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS)4 has independently measured VAP rates since 2005, using a stable definition of VAP. Trends in MPSMS VAP rates from 2005 through 2013 were analyzed.

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