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Article
June 22, 1935

TREATMENT OF THE STUTTER TYPE PERSONALITY IN A MEDICAL-SOCIAL CLINIC

Author Affiliations

Medical Director, National Hospital for Speech Disorders NEW YORK

JAMA. 1935;104(25):2239-2242. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.02760250017005
Abstract

The National Hospital for Speech Disorders opened its doors seventeen years ago. Thousands of young men and women have availed themselves of our clinical services, 70 per cent of whom were given free treatment. Incidentally, since I opened the clinic we have handled over 15,000 stutterers, besides several thousand nonstuttering speech defectives.

Stuttering is herein defined as that speech phenomenon which is characterized (1) by tonic and clonic spasms of the vocal tract, which (2) result in conversational difficulty characterized by hesitancy. Theoretically, it is assumed that the stutterer type personality in one born with a special organic structure having constitutional factors which all but parallel the constitutional factors of the nonstutterer type. The stutter type is an extremely sensitive personality, in which the emotional range always overreaches that of the nonstutterer type. This human organism is not always destined to stuttering speech. Only an environment of opposition accentuating the

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