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The Maternity Bonus
In October, 1912, legislation was enacted by the parliament of the commonwealth of Australia, whereby the sum of £5 is payable to every mother in respect of each parturition resulting in the birth of a viable child, whether such child was born alive or dead. The mother must be a native of the commonwealth or intend to settle permanently therein. No payment is made in the case of an aboriginal or an Asiatic.Some idea of the financial responsibility of this legislation may be gaged from the fact that for the year ending June 30, 1922, the total expenditure including administration was £706,000, of which approximately £15,500 was expended on administration. The bonus is claimed by all classes of the community. The act is administered by the commonwealth treasury department.The originators of this scheme hoped that it would increase the birth rate, or at least arrest
AUSTRALIA. JAMA. 1928;91(14):1049-1050. doi:10.1001/jama.1928.02700140051021