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In London in 1835 Dr. Frederick Salmon founded St. Mark's Hospital for the treatment and study of the "diseases of the rectum in all their baneful varieties." The hospital has grown and flourished and now in 1935 the medical committee has published a centenary volume in honor of the completed century of usefulness. This volume contains a series of collected papers written by Dr. Salmon and the staff that has succeeded him. A study of the early papers is interesting indeed. The modern surgeon will find much that is amusing and much that is stimulating. In a paper on stricture Salmon attributes this condition in one of his patients who had just returned from a polar expedition to sitting on the ice, and yet in the same paper there is a good differential diagnosis between the benign and malignant varieties. The antipathy to chloroform is noted in a paper in
Collected Papers of St. Mark's Hospital, London, Including a History of the Hospital: Centenary Volume, 1835-1935. JAMA. 1935;104(26):2390. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.02760260078031