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Article
September 25, 1943

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1943;123(4):214-220. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840390034013

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Abstract

DOCTOR SHORTAGE AND CIVILIAN HEALTH IN WARTIME  Following is a comprehensive report prepared by the Office of War Information. The data are secured from the United States Public Health Service, the War Manpower Commission and the Federal Works Agency.

CIVILIAN HEALTH 

  1. Statistics of the Public Health Service show the lowest death rate on record, 10.3 per thousand, for 1942. The birth rate has risen from 18.7 per thousand in 1941 to 20.7 in 1942, and the maternal mortality rate has dropped for the thirteenth consecutive year and for 1942 was about 3 deaths per thousand live births. Infant mortality also continued to drop, falling 4 per thousand to 40 or 41 per thousand live births. The general death rate is a little less favorable so far this year.

  2. Statistics on a sampling of workers, concerning sickness which caused absences of longer than eight days, show an increased number

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