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April 15, 1944

Current Comment

JAMA. 1944;124(16):1136-1137. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850160042015

LEUKEMIA IN PHYSICIANS  Leukemia may occur in workers with radiation under conditions like those in which carcinoma of the skin due to radiation can arise. Exposure to x-rays under experimental conditions favors the development of leukemia in animals. Since high energy radiations may play a part in human leukemia, workers in the National Cancer Institute1 have compared the incidence of leukemia in physicians and in the general population on the basis of the death lists of physicians in The Journal, the mortality reports of the United States Bureau of the Census and an unpublished compilation of the United States Public Health Service. The ratio of deaths from leukemia to deaths from cancer, the ratio of deaths from leukemia to total death rates, and death rates from leukemia were studied with the result that leukemia "was recognized approximately 1.7 times more frequently among physicians than among white males in the

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