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June 10, 1944

Physique, Personality and Scholarship: A Cooperative Study of School Children

JAMA. 1944;125(6):458. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850240068033

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This is a comprehensive study of the physical and psychologic growth and development of 48 children between the ages of 5 and 14 years. A group of investigators collaborated in this "clinical and exploratory study of the growth of the 'whole child.' " Emphasis is placed on the determination of syndromes representing meaningfully related groups of measurements, traits or other variables. The studies of personality and the environment are based on a theory of personality, "dynamic and organismic," as outlined by H. A. Murray. This concept of personality derives primarily from the works of Freud, McDougall and Allport; need as. driving force is a concept basic to this theory. Relation of need to environmental force (press), evidence of need in overt behavior, the origin of needs, and changes in strength and in objects integrated with need constitute objects of this inquiry into personality structure. Numerous environmental and personality variables were exposed

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