This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
Mechnikov was one of the first of the important Russian biologists to acclaim the darwinian theory of evolution. Together with his friend the noted embryologist A. O. Kovalevskiy he contributed much to the sum total of data in support of this theory by his comparative embryologic studies. This work was written in 1876 and was published seriatim in the popular magazine Vestnik Evropy. Its belated appearance in book form makes nevertheless fascinating reading. It reveals the talented biologist as a brilliant popularizer and propagandist of darwinism. Several chapters are devoted to a lucid discussion of the views of Bonnet, Linné, Buffon, Lamarck, Cuvier, Matthew, Johannes Mueller and other naturalists and philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries. There are chapters on the origin of species, on darwinism and medicine, on the descent of man and an interesting account of the centenary celebration of Darwin's birth in Cambridge, at which the
O Darvinizme. JAMA. 1944;125(6):459. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850240069036