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July 22, 1944

On the Influence of Trades, Professions, and Occupations in the United States, in the Production of Disease, 1837

JAMA. 1944;125(12):878. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850300058036

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In 1835 the Medical Society of the State of New York proposed as a subject for one of its annual prize essays "the influence of trades, professions and occupations in the United States in the production of disease." Benjamin W. McCready, M.D., of New York was declared the winner. His sixty page essay was published in the Transactions of the Medical Society of New York. Recently it was reprinted in book form. There had not been much consideration given to this subject in the United States up to this time, owing largely to the fact that industries were small and rather indefinite in nature. While McCready did give consideration to specific hazards and diseases of thirty-one employments, he dwelt largely on the sociological aspects, as improper housing, intemperance in laborers and exploitation of workers. The essay gives a remarkable insight into the conditions of labor and living in that period,

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