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June 2, 1945

SANITARY DANGERS OF CROSS CONNECTIONS IN PLUMBING

JAMA. 1945;128(5):384. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860220066027

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Abstract

To the Editor:—  The editorial "Sanitary Dangers of Cross Connections in Plumbing" outlines a problem which is encountered in hospitals where the physical facilities are more than 15 years old. Few hospitals have an adequate water supply as judged by a study of dynamic pressures, so that sanitary plumbing is essential for safety. Administrators and hospital engineers have become calloused toward the problem, feeling that freedom from difficulty in the past indicates that sanitary plumbing is a luxury, too expensive to justify modernization of existing service. The profession has little knowledge of such matters and too often feels that sanitary plumbing has esthetic implications but has little to do with good health. Local authorities are either apathetic or frustrated by the economic implications of correcting the situation. The American Medical Association can perform an outstanding service by sending trained experts into every hospital to inspect sterilizers, bath tubs, water closets,

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