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September 8, 1945

Surgery of Modern Warfare

JAMA. 1945;129(2):175. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860360077032

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With the close of the war in Europe it is again possible to assess the lessons learned from a large experience with trauma resulting from combat. The advances of surgery and its related sciences in the past twenty-five years have resulted in a gratifying decrease in mortality and morbidity. Much of this is due to such successful attempts at prophylaxis as exemplified by the practical elimination of tetanus. A more accurate evaluation of shock and the elimination of much serious infection with modern chemotherapy has resulted in great conservation of life and limb. The surgeon with the armed forces is grateful for adequate equipment, blood and its substitutes, sulfonamide drugs, and penicillin in the treatment of war injuries. He appreciates especially the training and experience of modern surgical teaching, which is basically responsible for the improvement in treatment of combat casualties.

The lessons taught to surgeons by their experiences with

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