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—A. S., a man, aged 24, white, consulted me, March 17, 1930, because of a deformity of the left shoulder which made it impossible for him to bring his left hand to his mouth.He stated that he was the youngest of eleven children and was born after a difficult and protracted labor. Shortly after birth it was found that his left arm was limp, and the attending physician strapped it to his side. Later the arm regained some power but became rotated inwardly. No attempt was made to correct the deformity until the age of 16 years. Several surgeons were consulted who advised operative correction. The parents refused consent to any operation, and the deformity continued unchecked. At the age of 21, after consultation with several orthopedic surgeons, the patient was advised that the deformity could be corrected only through an arthrodesis of the left shoulder joint. This
Herzmark MH. ERB'S PALSY IN AN ADULT TREATED BY REATTACHMENT OF CAPSULE OF HEAD OF HUMERUS (METHOD OF KLEINBERG). JAMA. 1932;98(8):637-638. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.27320340001010