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Nutritional Anemia in Infancy
Before the war the form of anemia termed chlorosis was common among young women, especially those employed in shops and domestic service, but in consequence of better hygienic conditions this disease has disappeared. Through an investigation for the medical research council, Dr. Helen Mackay has shown that a not dissimilar anemia is prevalent among the infants of London, whether breast or bottle fed, and readily curable by administration of iron (with perhaps minute quantities of copper and manganese). The disease occurs in infants not obviously suffering from any other disease, acute or chronic, though it is frequently associated with bacterial infections and has therefore been termed simple anemia. Other terms that have been used by various writers are nutritional anemia, alimentary anemia of infective origin, cow's milk anemia, chlorotic anemia of infancy, oligosideremia and anemia of premature infants. All these show a similar blood picture, chlorotic
LONDON. JAMA. 1932;98(8):651-652. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02730340059021