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This splendid work is based on 5,000 gastroscopies, carried out in two German hospitals. The collaboration of the two authors has led to some contradictions. In the chapter on the indications for gastroscopy the statement is made that gastritis, as a result of gastroscopic research, now can be diagnosed in some cases according to its clinical aspects alone; in the clinical sections, however, it is pointed out with some emphasis that even now the diagnosis of chronic gastritis without gastroscopy is impossible. The technical section, describing the instruments and the special technic, is not entirely satisfactory. The advice to use not only flexible gastroscopes but also rigid instruments is especially dangerous. The authors believe that gastroscopy should be carried out only by the well trained expert, but they overlook that its use spreads so rapidly that it is impossible to tell who may be considered sufficiently trained. If dangerous rigid
Die Gastroskopie: Lehrbuch und Atlas. JAMA. 1937;109(21):1751-1752. doi:10.1001/jama.1937.02780470073035