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January 8, 1938


JAMA. 1938;110(2):153. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790020067039

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This is a collection of papers read before the Conference on Allergy organized by the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Experimental Biology and Pathology, Feb. 1-4, 1936. The various aspects of the subject were discussed under the headings of the mechanism of typical allergic processes, the role of the nervous system in the development of allergy, the role of allergy in the pathogenesis of the infectious diseases (tuberculosis, rheumatism, endocarditis and so on), pathologic morphology of allergic processes, hetero-allergy, and the role of external factors in allergic manifestations. In summarizing the results of the conference, O. O. Bogomolets expressed the opinion that the number of purely allergic diseases will be considerably reduced. At the same time allergy is to be regarded as a component of a number of disease states, particularly those of infectious character. The question of whether allergy is a beneficent or an injurious factor depends on whether one regards it as a dynamic state which precedes the state of immunity and is necessary for its development. When allergy does not pass on to immunity it becomes an injurious factor, creating a therapeutic problem of its removal through desensitization. Sensitization, both specific and nonspecific, constitutes the obligatory sign of allergy. Among the interesting

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