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This is a thesis, amplifying and trying to prove the theory advanced by the author's chief, Dr. P. Ameuille, that chronic dilatation of the bronchi in the adult is due to occlusion of a branch of a bronchial artery. The historical review gives a survey of all the theories that have been advanced to explain this condition, mechanical, inflammatory, developmental and nervous. All of these for various reasons the author finds inadequate. He describes briefly the anatomic and physiologic peculiarities of the bronchial arteries in man and then enlarges on the postmortem observations in nine cases of bronchiectasis, all of which showed evidence of important changes in the bronchial arteries. In most cases these were attributed to a tracheobronchial adenopathy. His experimental attempts to produce bronchiectasis by ligation of branches of the bronchial arteries in dogs were, however, unsuccessful. This the author explains was due to the rich anastomoses found
La thrombose de l'artère bronchique, cause de dilatation bronchique chronique de l'adulte. JAMA. 1938;110(7):534. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790070058034