The trend at present in child guidance work is apparently toward the psychologic or, more specifically, toward the psychoanalytic interpretation of behavior disorders in children. A glance at the literature on the subject of orthogenics is more than sufficient to convince the most skeptical that the problems of maladjusted, unadjusted, antisocial and asocial children are apparently all on the basis of emotional conflicts, conflicts due to infantile fixations, sexual repressions, maternal rejections and sibling rivalry. Apparently, human behavior can be explained only in terms of suppressions, frustrations, rejections, identifications, feelings of hostility, feelings of inferiority and inadequacy and the like.
That these conflicts are potent and frequent factors in the causation of abnormal behavior no one can deny; neither will any one deny that the psychologic approach to the study of human behavior has been fruitful of great results. On the other hand, it must also be admitted that not
LURIE LA. ENDOCRINOLOGY AND THE UNDERSTANDING AND TREATMENT OF THE EXCEPTIONAL CHILD. JAMA. 1938;110(19):1531–1536. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790190001001