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August 20, 1938

The Measurement of Outcomes of Physical Education for College Women

JAMA. 1938;111(8):745-746. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790340081032

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Abstract

This is an extensive and detailed report of studies at the University of Minnesota of the outcome of physical education for women. An effort is made to express gain or loss in attitudes, knowledge, motor ability and posture on a percentage basis down to the second decimal place. Differentiation is made between groups with little activity and groups with much activity. The conclusion is arrived at that gains in attitude, knowledge, motor ability and posture attributable to supervised activity in physical education are in excess of gains attributable to unsupervised activity. Motor ability tests known as the Minnesota Graybeal tests are described and tests of them are published. Measurements of growth in physical education are made, including gains in information or knowledge, in which a gain of 68 per cent was made by the experimental group and only 9.4 per cent by the control group. In motor ability the experimental

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